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  • Shoulder activity not associated with severity of atraumatic rotator cuff tear

    Source: Healio

    Among patients with atraumatic rotator cuff tears, shoulder activity was not associated with severity of the tear, but was affected by patients’ age, sex and occupation, according to study results.

    Researchers prospectively enrolled patients with an atraumatic rotator cuff tear on MRI in the Multicenter Orthopaedic Outcomes Network shoulder study of nonoperative treatment. Patients were asked to complete a previously validated shoulder activity scale; 434 patients completed the scale and were included in the analysis. Mean patient age was 62.7 years.

    The researchers performed a regression analysis to assess the association of shoulder activity level to rotator cuff tear characteristics, including tendon involvement and traction, as well as patient factors such as age, sex, smoking and occupation.

    Shoulder activity was not associated with severity of the rotator cuff tear, according to the researchers. However, shoulder activity was negatively associated with age and female sex. According to the regression model, 69-year-old patients with rotator cuff tears were 1.5 points less active on the 20-point scale vs. identical 56-year-old patients; female patients were 1.6 points less active vs. similar male patients. Occupation was also a significant predictor of shoulder activity level, with unemployed patients predicted to be 4.8 points less active compared with employed patients.

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  • Elbow surgery risk may be increased by early entry to Major League Baseball

    Source: Medical News Today

    The common elbow surgery made famous by Major League Baseball (MLB) pitcher, Tommy John, definitely does its job to return pitchers to the mound, but risks for having the surgery may be able to be recognized earlier in a player’s career, say researchers presenting their work at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine’s (AOSSM) Annual Meeting. The study was the largest cohort of MLB pitchers, to date, that have undergone UCL reconstruction.

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  • In ‘tennis elbow’ tendon stimulation is the key to repair

    Source: Medical News Today

    New data presented at the European League Against Rheumatism Annual Congress (EULAR 2014) show that ultrasound-guided injections of growth factors-containing platelet-rich plasma (PRP) are no more effective in treating recently developed epicondylitis than injections of saline.

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  • Prior TKR or revision THR causes increased periprosthetic fractures

    Source: Healio

    Periprosthetic fractures are especially common in patients with prior total knee replacement or revision total hip replacement a decade after primary total hip replacement, according to study results.

    Researchers identified 58,521 Medicare beneficiaries who had elective primary total hip replacement (THR) for non-fracture diagnoses between July 1995 and June 1996 and followed them using Medicare Part A claims data through 2008. Using ICD-9 codes, researchers identified periprosthetic femoral fractures occurring from 2006 to 2008. The incidence density method was used to calculate the annual incidence of periprosthetic femoral fractures, and Cox proportional hazards models were used to identify risk factors for periprosthetic fracture. The risk of hospitalization during the subsequent year was also calculated.

    Overall, 55% of patients who had elective primary THR between July 1995 and June 1996 survived until January 2006, with 0.7% of these patients developing a periprosthetic femoral fracture between 2006 and 2008. The researchers found an annual incidence of periprosthetic fractures of 26 per 10,000 person-years among these individuals.

    According to Cox proportional hazards models, patients had a greater risk of periprosthetic fracture after having a total knee replacement or a revision total hip replacement between the primary THR and 2006. The researchers found a three-fold higher risk of hospitalization in the subsequent year among THR patients who sustained periprosthetic femoral fracture compared with patients without fractures.

    “These data will help clinicians as they portray to patients and their families the long-term concerns associated with living with a hip implant,” the researchers wrote. “The message is that periprosthetic fractures are relatively rare, though more frequent in patients with multiple implants. Further, these fractures are typically associated with the need for considerable subsequent medical care, as they are accompanied by a much greater risk hospitalization in the subsequent year than experienced by THR recipients who did not have hip fracture.”

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  • Obesity may be driving increasing need for knee and hip replacements in steadily younger patients

    Source: DailyRx

    The impact of being overweight has far reaching health implications — implications that may be taking a toll at an earlier age.

    In a new study, researchers found that packing on the pounds may be setting the stage for total knee or hip replacement at increasingly younger ages.

    Further, the scientists found that being overweight or obese had a greater impact on the knee than the hip.

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  • ACL injury risk reduced in young athletes by universal neuromuscular training

    Source: Medical News Today

    The ACL is a critical ligament that stabilizes the knee joint. An ACL injury, one of the most common sports injuries, often requires surgery and a lengthy period of rehabilitation before an athlete can return to sport and other activities. Recent research has found that screening tools, such as “hop” or isokinetic (computer/video) tests to identify neuromuscular deficits, as well as neuromuscular training programs, may reduce ACL injuries.

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  • Rotator cuff repair may ease shoulder pain from spinal cord injury

    Source: Healio

    Although they are likely to continue to overburden their shoulders, recently published data suggest patients in wheelchairs due to a spinal cord injury may gain pain relief from rotator cuff repair.

    Researchers clinically and functionally evaluated 38 patients with a spinal cord injury who were either paraplegic or quadriplegic and presented with rotator cuff pathologies between January 2005 and September 2013. Patients’ lesions were also examined.

    A total of 38 shoulders in 28 patients were indicated for rotator cuff repair, which was then performed. Intraoperative lesion assessment showed more substantial injuries than were indicated via imaging.

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  • Shock therapy improves pain and function in patients with chronic calcific shoulder tendinitis

    Source: Medical News Today

    Shock therapy improves pain and function in patients with chronic calcific shoulder tendinitis, according to an article published in Annals of Internal Medicine. Rotator cuff tendonitis is one of the most common causes of shoulder pain and may present with or without calcifications. There is little evidence to suggest that conventional therapies, such as rest, ice, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, physical therapy, and subacromial corticosteroid injections can effectively ease pain or restore function. Calcific tendinitis, in particular, may be more difficult to manage and may require surgery. Extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT), which uses sound waves of high or low energy that impart rapid fluctuations of pressure to tissues, has been suggested as an alternative treatment to expensive and risky surgical interventions.

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  • Physical therapy instructional video may be as good as an in-person visit for shoulder rehabilitation exercises

    Source: Science Daily

    A rehab video may get the same results as an in-person visit for shoulder rehabilitation exercises, a new study suggests. “These results are significant for two reasons,” said the lead researcher. “First, having an additional tool to augment what the patient learns at an initial physical therapy visit may help with exercise accuracy and hopefully therefore improve outcomes. Additionally as access to physical therapy becomes more limited due either to cost or insurance, identifying new tools to better help out patients will be essential.”

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  • Year-round play contributes to 10-fold increase of ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction among youth

    Source: Medical News Today

    Baseball season is back and so are the injuries. But, elbow injuries, once seen as a problem for professional athletes, are becoming more prevalent among high school and middle school athletes due to increased play and competition at the youth level. Repetitive stress to a pitcher’s ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) – an important stabilizing ligament of the elbow joint – can lead to pain and eventually to the inability to pitch and throw.

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