Study shows substantial benefits in obese patients after hip arthroscopy
Although obese patients undergoing hip arthroscopy started with lower absolute scores preoperatively and ended with lower overall absolute postoperative scores, they showed substantial benefit from surgery, demonstrating a degree of improvement similar to non-obese patients, according to study results.
Researchers assessed 680 patients undergoing primary hip arthroscopy preoperatively and postoperatively with four patient-reported outcome measures. The researchers estimated pain on the VAS and measured patient satisfaction scores.
Lifelong physical activity increases bone density in men
Source: Medical Xpress
Men have many reasons to add high-impact and resistance training to their exercise regimens; these reasons include building muscle and shedding fat. Now a University of Missouri researcher has determined another significant benefit to these activities: building bone mass. The study found that individuals who continuously participated in high-impact activities, such as jogging and tennis, during adolescence and young adulthood, had greater hip and lumbar spine bone mineral density than those who did not.
Why treating shoulder pain in baseball pitchers and other throwing athletes is so difficult
Source: Science Daily
Despite increasing medical knowledge, treating shoulder pain in baseball pitchers and other throwing athletes remains one of the most challenging tasks in sports medicine.
“The results of treatment are not as predictable as the patient, family, trainer, coach and doctor would like to think,” according to an article in the journal Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America.
Imaging identifies cartilage regeneration in long-distance runners
Source: Medical News Today
Using a mobile MRI truck, researchers followed runners for 4,500 kilometers through Europe to study the physical limits and adaptation of athletes over a 64-day period, according to a study presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).
Debridement cited as better initial option to treat infection after reverse shoulder arthroplasty
Results from a retrospective, multicenter study by French researchers that investigated treatment options for infection after reverse shoulder arthroplasty supported the use of debridement as a first-line treatment, but noted this option had a 54% healing rate.
What Happens When You Crack Your Knuckles
Source: Daily Rx News
Despite the wives’ tales that tie cracking your knuckles to problems like arthritis, many habitual knuckle-crackers just can’t help themselves. But do they really have anything to fear?
High rates of return to sport seen after arthroscopic Bankart repair
Although a survey of patients who underwent arthroscopic Bankart repair for the treatment of chronic shoulder instability showed all patients who were active in sports preoperatively returned to sport postoperatively, 26% of patients reported no benefits in sporting activity after the surgery.
Pro athletes may safely return to competition after lumbar microdiscectomy
CHICAGO — The pooled rate of return to play following lumbar microdiscectomy for herniated disc nucleus was 83.5%, according to results presented at the North American Spine Society Annual Meeting, and the overall return to play rate for elite athletes with a herniated disc after this procedure was 84.5%.
Stresses on elbow during pitching may alter multiple structures
In a pre- and post-season ultrasound evaluation of high school pitchers’ elbows, adaptive changes occurred to multiple structures about the elbow from stresses placed on the elbow during one season of pitching, based on results of a recently published study.
Activity could help keep knees lubricated
Source: Science Daily
Cartilage is filled with fluid — about 80% of the volume of the cartilage tissue — that plays the essential roles of supporting weight and lubricating joint surfaces. Loss of this fluid, called synovial fluid, results in a gradual decrease in cartilage thickness and increase in friction, which is related to the degradation and joint pain of osteoarthritis. Since cartilage is porous, fluid is readily squeezed out of the holes over time. Yet the symptoms associated with osteoarthritis usually take decades to develop. Researchers have now proposed a mechanism that explains how motion can cause cartilage to reabsorb liquid that leaks out.