Source: Medical News today
A common, painful hip condition in elite athletes may be able to be repaired with an improved surgical technique, according to researchers presenting their work at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine’s Annual Meeting in Baltimore, Maryland.
“In our review of 21 male, elite athletes who had hip pain and instability issues (hypoplastic or labrum tear), 81 percent returned to play at a similar level as before they were hurt, after receiving an arthroscopic reconstruction technique using an ipsilateral iliotibial band autograft,” said research author, Marc J. Philippon, MD, of the Steadman Philippon Research Institute in Vail, Colorado.
Source: Medical News today
When it comes to treating cartilage tears in athletes, Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) therapy is a safe and effective method of treatment, according to research presented at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine’s (AOSSM) Annual Meeting in Baltimore.
“As athletic participation has grown,” Kon noted, “new problems like cartilage lesions, or tears, continue to emerge. Finding the right approach to treatment is difficult, but PRP has emerged as a viable option according to our research.”
Men have a greater number of knee ligament injuries than women, despite research suggesting that women’s knees are more prone to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears and surgeries to fix them, according to a Swedish study.
The report, published in the American Journal of Sports medicine, counted the injuries across the entire Swedish population, not just among players of particular sports or in certain regions.
Exercise can counteract muscle breakdown, increase strength and reduce inflammation caused by aging and heart failure, according to new research in Circulation, an American Heart Association journal. The benefits for heart failure patients are similar to those for anyone who exercises: there’s less muscle-wasting, and their bodies become conditioned to handle more exercise. Age of the patients didn’t matter, either, researchers found.
As the pros warm up during spring training in Florida and Arizona, it’s a good time for recreational baseball and softball players also to consider how they can avoid injury.
“Unfortunately, as they’re gearing up for the spring season, some people always lose out due to injury,” says Parsons. “Throwing injuries and overuse often lead to shoulder pain, which for weekend warriors is most often due to a strain of the rotator cuff.
Source: Medical NewsToday
Traumatic shoulder injuries that result in a patient visit to the ER often contain a secondary injury that can cause pain and discomfort in that part of the body after the primary injury has healed. By focusing on the primary injury, radiologists sometimes miss the secondary injury, which can compromise treatment effectiveness. Trainees in the Brigham and Women’s Hospital Radiology Residency Program developed new protocols aimed at drawing ER radiologists’ attention to the potential presence of secondary shoulder injuries. Better identification of these injuries could lead to improved patient outcomes.
This study demonstrates an important and clinically relevant finding, adding support to the theory that early surgical reconstruction of partially injured ACLs is beneficial for protecting the intact bundle and menisci and promotes patients resuming a normal life. The results of the current study indicate that as the time between partial injury of the ACL and surgery increases, the risk of secondary loosening of the intact bundles and associated lesions increased gradually; therefore, the ruptured band of the ACL should be reconstructed early, which may not result in arthrofibrosis.
The reason women are more prone to knee injuries than men may go beyond differences in muscular and skeletal structure, according to researchers from Oregon State University.
“There are some muscular and skeletal differences between men and women, but that doesn’t explain differences in injury rates as much as you might think,” study author Samuel T. Johnson stated in an Oregon State University news release. “No one has really studied the role of the nervous system the way we have in explaining these differences, specifically the way sensory information is processed and integrated with motor function in the spinal cord.”
“We’re finding differences in nervous system processing,” Johnson stated. “The causes for those differences are unclear, but it may be due to either a biological difference, such as hormones, or a cultural difference such as different exercise and training patterns.”
“Hip arthroscopy is an evolving science,” Charles A. Bush-Joseph, MD, of Midwest Orthopaedics at Rush in Chicago, told Orthopedics Today. “We are clearly better able to more accurately diagnose hip and groin conditions. Industry is catching up. There has been dramatic innovation in the equipment surgeons use to perform these types of procedures, making them more reliable and reproducible.”
French researchers have confirmed that high-impact sport, such as jogging or soccer, increases the risk of total hip arthroplasty mechanical failure, according to a study published in Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research.
“Since participation in sport is now a reality for a significant number of total hip arthroplasty (THA) patients, surgeons may need to adapt their choices of bearing surfaces in implants to accommodate this growing trend,” the authors wrote.