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Hamstring injuries in baseball may be preventable

Creating a program to prevent hamstring injuries in minor league and major league baseball players might be a possibility say researchers presenting their work today at the American Orthopaedic Society of Sports Medicine’s (AOSSM) Annual Meeting in Colorado Springs, CO.

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Single image slice may not capture 3-D muscle measurements in rotator cuff tears

Patients with rotator cuff tears experience fatty infiltration increased percentages of most likely caused primarily by muscle atrophy and a single image slice did not capture 3-D muscle measurements, according to recently published data.

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Does platelet-rich plasma for the knee work?

Athletes such as Tiger Woods and Rafael Nadal are rumored to have undergone a relatively new treatment that involves injections of platelet-rich plasma. Proponents say the therapy offers cutting-edge treatment for previously debilitating injuries, including painful knee problems due to osteoarthritis.

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Multiple risk factors, BMD associated with hip fracture in older men

Older men with an increasing number of specific risk factures combined with decreased bone mineral density at the femoral neck are at elevated risk for hip fracture, according to study findings.

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Better fix for torn ACLs

A torn anterior cruciate ligament, or ACL, is one of the most common knee injuries. Approximately 200,000 Americans experience a torn ACL each year, and more than half undergo surgical repairs. Now, researchers have developed a model to show that a newer surgical technique results in a stronger, more natural ACL repair.

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Comparable results seen with high- vs low-intensity plyometric exercise after ACL reconstruction

Results from this randomized controlled trial showed both low- and high-intensity plyometric exercise for rehabilitation following ACL reconstruction positively affected knee function, knee impairments and psychological status among patients after 8 weeks of intervention.

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Quadriceps exercise relieves pain in knee osteoarthritis

A quadriceps isometric contraction exercise method is effective for relieving pain in knee osteoarthritis (OA), according to a study published online May 25 in the International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases.

Lanfeng Huang, from the Second Hospital of Jilin University in Changchun, China, and colleagues enrolled 250 patients with a confirmed diagnosis of knee OA and randomized them to an exercise treatment test group (128 patients) and a traditional treatment control group (122 patients). The test group used quadriceps isometric contraction exercise, while the control group used local physical therapy and oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

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Study looks at needles in treatment for shoulder pain

According to a new study, the type of procedure used to treat shoulder calcifications should be tailored to the type of calcification. The results of the study will help interventional radiologists determine whether to use one or two needles for an ultrasound-guided treatment for a common condition called rotator cuff calcific tendinopathy.

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Platelet-rich plasma injections may lead to improvements in tissue healing

After platelet-rich plasma injections, researchers have described the structural change in the healing process as well as improvement in patients’ pain and function, in a new report.

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Malnourished patients had increased risk for short-term complications after TSA

Patients who were malnourished prior to total shoulder arthroplasty experienced a significantly increased risk for blood transfusion, longer hospital length of stay and death within 30 days of surgery, according to results.

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Preventing long-term complications of an ACL tear

A torn ACL (also known as the anterior cruciate ligament) is one of the most common knee injuries, with as many as 200,000 cases per year in the U.S. Young people under the age of 20 are at particular risk, in part because of participation in sports.

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Tenodesis, tenotomy showed favorable results in treatment of long head of biceps tendon lesions

Results presented at the Arthroscopy Association of North America Annual Meeting showed favorable results with both tenodesis and tenotomy in the treatment of lesions of the long head of the biceps tendon.

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Rate of injuries among youth soccer players doubled, new study finds

From 1990 through 2014, the number of soccer-related injuries treated in hospital emergency departments in the US each year increased by 78 percent and the yearly rate of injuries increased by 111 percent among youth 7-17 years of age, a new article reports.

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Study finds predictors for ACL injury are dissimilar between male and female athletes

Except for increased anterior-posterior knee laxity, results from this study indicated female athletes and male athletes were not similar with regard to predictors for first-time noncontact ACL injury.

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Technique pearls for revision shoulder arthroplasty aid in preventing fracture, preserving bone stock

We present simple techniques for revision shoulder arthroplasty using a telescoping osteotome technique for glenoid removal, an open-book (vertical) osteotomy technique for extraction of the humeral stem and the use of an ultrasonic device and carbide burr for clearing bone and cement mantles.

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Primary hip arthroscopy yields improved patient-reported outcome scores

Patients who underwent primary hip arthroscopy experienced greater improvement in patient-reported outcome scores at 2-year follow-up compared with patients who underwent revision arthroscopy, according to recently presented data.

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Doctors on Call: We know you don’t want to, but you need to do your bones a favor

Exercise is that physical activity that helps improve health and fitness.

It’s also the physical activity that many of us hate to do.

But there’s no disputing the good that exercise does — even a relatively small amount. And now is a perfect time to start a program since May is Exercise Awareness Month.

The benefits of exercise are many. It benefits the cardiovascular and musculoskeletal systems.

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Steps to Prevent Osteoporosis Can Cut Hip Fracture Risk

A hip fracture is much more than a broken bone. When it occurs in older adults, it can be a very serious condition. That’s why, facing a growing population of mature adults, healthcare providers are taking a closer look at how to prevent hip fractures. Specifically, they’re looking at one of the main contributing factors: the bone-robbing condition of osteoporosis.

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Laser therapy can help weekend warriors fight sports-related injuries.

Physical therapists who work with athletes are always on the lookout for ways to help their clients bounce back quickly from injuries. Some of them have turned to lasers as an adjunct to manual therapy. This modality can help athletes, whether they are professionals or weekend warriors, get back in the game.

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PTs are taking a shine to lasers, with or without reimbursement

Laser Therapy

After four years of treating all kinds of patients with the latest generation of Class IV deep-tissue lasers, Charles Donley, PT, is a convert. “We’ve seen nothing less than phenomenal results,” he told ADVANCE.

Exhibit #1: A diabetic man who badly burnt his hand trying to reattach a loose hydraulic line in his tractor. “He didn’t respond to antibiotics,” recalled Donley, director of Regional Rehab, located in Spring Hill on the west coast of Florida. “His attending physician was about to recommend amputation but sent him to us for laser therapy first. Two months and a week later, [he had] total healing of the hand. I have video and pictures of it from day one.”

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