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Why treating shoulder pain in baseball pitchers and other throwing athletes is so difficult

Date: 14 Jan 2016

Source: Science Daily

Despite increasing medical knowledge, treating shoulder pain in baseball pitchers and other throwing athletes remains one of the most challenging tasks in sports medicine.

“The results of treatment are not as predictable as the patient, family, trainer, coach and doctor would like to think,” according to an article in the journal Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America.

Imaging identifies cartilage regeneration in long-distance runners

Date: 14 Jan 2016

Source: Medical News Today

Using a mobile MRI truck, researchers followed runners for 4,500 kilometers through Europe to study the physical limits and adaptation of athletes over a 64-day period, according to a study presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).

Debridement cited as better initial option to treat infection after reverse shoulder arthroplasty

Date: 14 Jan 2016

Source: Healio

Results from a retrospective, multicenter study by French researchers that investigated treatment options for infection after reverse shoulder arthroplasty supported the use of debridement as a first-line treatment, but noted this option had a 54% healing rate.

What Happens When You Crack Your Knuckles

Date: 14 Jan 2016

Source: Daily Rx News

Despite the wives’ tales that tie cracking your knuckles to problems like arthritis, many habitual knuckle-crackers just can’t help themselves. But do they really have anything to fear?

Patient-reported results, knee stability improved after all-inside double-bundle ACL reconstruction

Date: 14 Jan 2016
Category: Elbow Knee Sports

Source: Healio

Investigators found significant improvements from preoperative measures at 24.8-month follow-up for both mean side-to-side differences and Lysholm scores in patients who underwent double-bundle ACL reconstruction using a special drill pin guide and reamer, along with a laser-guided device to facilitate a transtibial approach.

High rates of return to sport seen after arthroscopic Bankart repair

Date: 14 Jan 2016

Source: Healio

Although a survey of patients who underwent arthroscopic Bankart repair for the treatment of chronic shoulder instability showed all patients who were active in sports preoperatively returned to sport postoperatively, 26% of patients reported no benefits in sporting activity after the surgery.

AAOS releases criteria for treating pediatric patients with knee osteochondritis dissecans

Date: 14 Jan 2016
Category: Elbow Knee Shoulder

Source: Medical News Today

The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) has released Appropriate Use Criteria (AUC) to assist in the treatment and rehabilitation of pediatric patients with osteochondritis dissecans of the femoral condyle, also known as OCDknee.

Pro athletes may safely return to competition after lumbar microdiscectomy

Date: 26 Nov 2015
Category: Shoulder Sports

Source: Healio

CHICAGO — The pooled rate of return to play following lumbar microdiscectomy for herniated disc nucleus was 83.5%, according to results presented at the North American Spine Society Annual Meeting, and the overall return to play rate for elite athletes with a herniated disc after this procedure was 84.5%.

Stresses on elbow during pitching may alter multiple structures

Date: 26 Nov 2015

Source: Healio

In a pre- and post-season ultrasound evaluation of high school pitchers’ elbows, adaptive changes occurred to multiple structures about the elbow from stresses placed on the elbow during one season of pitching, based on results of a recently published study.

Activity could help keep knees lubricated

Date: 26 Nov 2015

Source: Science Daily

Cartilage is filled with fluid — about 80% of the volume of the cartilage tissue — that plays the essential roles of supporting weight and lubricating joint surfaces. Loss of this fluid, called synovial fluid, results in a gradual decrease in cartilage thickness and increase in friction, which is related to the degradation and joint pain of osteoarthritis. Since cartilage is porous, fluid is readily squeezed out of the holes over time. Yet the symptoms associated with osteoarthritis usually take decades to develop. Researchers have now proposed a mechanism that explains how motion can cause cartilage to reabsorb liquid that leaks out.

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